Totnes MP Dr Sarah Wollaston has been reelected to chair the influential Health Select Committee.
Dr Wollaston, Conservative, led the committee between 2014-2015 after her predecessor stood down.
She said: 'I am delighted to have been elected by Parliament to chair the Health Committee for the next five years.
"Throughout the recent general election campaign it was clear how much people care about the quality and future of our NHS and care services.
"I do too and I am looking forward to rolling up my sleeves on behalf of the public to hold to account not only the government but those who commission, deliver and regulate those services."
Dr Wollaston was up against the Conservative MP for Bosworth, David Tredinnick, to take on the role under the new Government.
Her successful re-election was announced to the House of Commons this morning.
Her fellow Devon MP Neil Parish was confirmed as chairman of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs committee last week.
In her application for re-selection, the former GP said the Health Committee played 'an important role' in holding Government and NHS bodies to account.
"It was an honour to have been elected to chair the Health Committee for the final year of the last Parliament after Stephen Dorrell stepped down from the role," she wrote.
"The last Committee's inquiry into Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services was an example of the kind of work I would like to see continued into this Parliament."
The Health Select Committee examines the policy, administration and expenditure of the Department of Health and its associated bodies.